Mayford Heritage Pond

Plants

A total of 218 species of plants have so far been recorded, of which 35 were deliberately introduced to help increase the diversity of animal life to the site.

 

English Name

Scientific Name

Comments

Creeping Buttercup

Ranunculus repens

colonized

Meadow Buttercup

Ranunculus acris

colonized

Bulbous Buttercup

Ranunculus bulbosus

colonized

Celery-leaved Buttercup

Ranunculus sceleratus

planted

Lesser Celandine

Ranunculus ficaria

colonized

Lesser Spearwort

Ranunculus flammula

planted

Greater Spearwort

Ranunculus lingua

planted

Marsh Marigold

Caltha palustris

planted

Common Water Crowfoot

Ranunculus

planted

Rigid Hornwort

Ceratophyllum demersum

planted

Common Poppy

Papaver rhoeas

colonized

Long-headed Poppy

Papaver dubium

colonized

Opium Poppy

Papaver somniferum

colonized

Greater Celandine

Chelidonium majus

planted

Black Mustard

Brassica nigra

colonized

Flixweed

Descurainia Sophia

colonized

Winter-cress

Barbarea vulgaris

planted

Hairy Bittercress

Cardamine hirsuta

colonized

Cuckoo Flower

Cardamine pratensis

colonized

Large Bittercress

Cardamine amara

planted

Garlic Mustard

Alliaria petiolata

colonized

Lesser Swine-cress

Coronopus didymus

colonized

Shepherd's Purse

Capsella bursa-pastoris

colonized

Common Whitlowgrass

Erophila verna

colonized

Weld

Reseda lutea

planted

Himalayan Balsam

Impatiens glandulifera

colonized

Perforate St. John's Wort

Hypericum perforatum

colonized

Square-stemmed St. John's Wort

Hypericum tetrapterum

planted

Wild Pansy

Viola tricolor

colonized

Corn Cockle

Agrostemma githago

planted

Red Campion

Silene dioica

planted

Ragged Robin

Lychnis flos-cuculi

planted

Common Chickweed

Stellaria media

colonized

Lesser Stitchwort

Stellaria graminea

colonized

Greater Stitchwort

Stellaria holostea

colonized

Common Mouse-ear

Cerastium holosteoides

colonized

Fat Hen

Chenopodium album

colonized

Red Goosefoot

Chenopodium rubrum

colonized

Spear-leaved Orache

Atriplex hastata

colonized

Common Orache

Atriplex patula

colonized

Common Mallow

Malva sylvestris

colonized

Musk Mallow

Malva moschata

planted

Dovesfoot Cranesbill

Geranium molle

colonized

Cut-leaved Cranesbill

Geranium dissectum

colonized

Hedgerow Cranesbill

Geranium pyrenaicum

planted

Meadow Cranesbill

Geranium pratense

planted

Common Storksbill

Erodium cicutarium

colonized

Gorse

Ulex europaeus

planted

Broom

Sarothamnus scoparius

planted

Red Clover

Trifolium pratense

colonized

White Clover

Trifolium repens

colonized

Common Vetch

Vicia sativa

colonized

Hairy Tare

Vicia hirsuta

colonized

Meadow Vetchling

Lathyrus pratensis

colonized

Black Medick

Medicago lupulina

colonized

Spotted Medick

Medicago Arabica

planted

Common Birds-foot-trefoil

Lotus corniculatus

colonized

Greater Birds-foot-trefoil

Lotus pedunculatus

planted

Blackthorn

Prunus spinosa

colonized

Hawthorn

Crataegus monogyna

colonized

Bastard Service Tree

Sorbus

planted

Dog Rose

Rosa canina

planted

Field Rose

Rosa arvensis

planted

Bramble

Rubus fruticosus

colonized

Raspberry

Rubus idaeus

planted

Creeping Cinquefoil

Potentilla reptans

colonized

Lady's Mantle

Alchemilla vulgaris

planted

Great Burnet

Sanguisorba officinalis

planted

Meadowsweet

Filipendula ulmaria

planted

Orpine

Sedum telephium

planted

Australian Swamp Stonecrop

Crassula helmsii

colonized

Broad- leaved Willowherb

Epilobium montanum

colonized

Spear-leaved Willowherb

Epilobium lanceolatum

colonized

Great Willowherb

Epilobium hirsutum

colonized

Common Evening Primrose

Oenothera biennis

colonized

Purple Loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria

planted

Common Nettle

Urtica dioica

colonized

White Bryony

Bryonia dioica

colonized

Holly

Ulex europaeus

colonized

Ivy

Hedera helix

colonized

Dogwood

Cornus sanguinea

planted

Buckthorn

Rhamnus catharticus

planted

Hazel

Corylus avellana

planted

Alder

Alnus glutinosa

planted

English Elm

Ulmus procera

colonized

Field Maple

Acer campestre

planted

Silver Birch

Betula pendula

colonized

Petty Spurge

Euphorbia peplus

colonized

Sun Spurge

Euphorbia helioscopia

colonized

Cow Parsley

Anthriscus sylvestris

colonized

Hemlock

Conium maculatum

planted

Ground Elder

Aegopodium podagraria

colonized

Hogweed

Heracleum sphondylium

colonized

Hemlock Water Dropwort

Oenanthe crocata

planted

Lesser Water Parsnip

Berula erecta

planted

Wild Carrot

Daucus carota

planted

Broad-leaved Dock

Rumex obtusifolius

colonized

Curled Dock

Rumex crispus

colonized

Common Sorrel

Rumex acetosa

colonized

Knotgrass

Polygonum aviculare

colonized

Water Pepper

Polygonum hydropiper

planted

Redshank

Polygonum persicaria

colonized

Amphibious Bistort

Polygonum amphibium

planted

Black Bindweed

Polygonum convulvulus

colonized

Primrose

Primula vulgaris

planted

Cowslip

Primula veris

planted

Yellow Loosestrife

Lysimachia vulgaris

planted

Bogbean

Menyanthes trifoliata

planted

Field Bindweed

Convulvulus arvensis

colonized

Hedge Bindweed

Calystegia sepium

colonized

Great Mullein

Verbascum thapsus

planted

Water Figwort

Scrophularia aquatica

planted

Foxglove

Digitalis purpurea

planted

Common Toadflax

Linaria vulgaris

planted

Germander Speedwell

Veronica chamaedrys

colonized

Thyme-leaved Speedwell

Veronica serpyllifolia

colonized

Brooklime

Veronica beccabunga

planted

Common Field Speedwell

Veronica persica

colonized

Grey Field Speedwell

Veronica polita

colonized

Wall Speedwell

Veronica arvensis

colonized

Lilac Ivy-leaved Speedwell

Veronica hederifolia

colonized

Yellow Rattle

Rhinathus minor

sown

Water Mint

Mentha aquatica

planted

Gypsywort

Lycopus europaeus

planted

White Dead-nettle

Lamium album

colonized

Common Hemp Nettle

Galeopsis tetrahit

colonized

Wild Marjoram

Origanum vulgare

planted

Hedge Woundwort

Stachys sylvatica

colonized

Black Horehound

Ballota nigra

colonized

Self-heal

Prunella vulgaris

colonized

Wood Sage

Teucrium scorodonia

planted

Water Forget-me-not

Myotis scorpioides

planted

Field Forget-me-not

Myotis arvensis

planted

Common Comfrey

Symphytm officinale

planted

Ribwort Plantain

Plantago lanceolata

colonized

Greater Plantain

Plantago major

colonized

Guelder Rose

Viburnum opulus

planted

Common Marsh-bedstraw

Galium palustre

colonized

Common Cleavers

Galium aparine

colonized

Teasel

Dipsacus fullonum

planted

Small Teasel

Dipsacus pilosus

planted

Field Scabious

Knautia arvensis

planted

Devil's-bit Scabious

Succisa pratensis

planted

Common Ragwort

Senecio jacobaea

colonized

Oxford Ragwort

Senecio squalidus

colonized

Common Groundsel

Senecio vulgaris

colonized

Common Fleabane

Pulicaria dysenterica

planted

Canadian Fleabane

Conyza canadensis

colonized

Daisy

Bellis perennis

colonized

Ox-eye Daisy

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

planted

Tansy

Chrysanthemum vulgare

planted

Corn Marigold

Chrysanthemum segetum

planted

Trifid Bur Marigold

Bidens tripartite

colonized

Coltsfoot

Tussilago farfara

colonized

Hemp Agrimony

Eupatorium cannabinum

planted

Scentless Mayweed

Tripleurospermum maritimum

colonized

Scented Mayweed

Matricaria recutita

colonized

Stinking Chamomile

Anthemis cotula

colonized

Mugwort

Artemisia vulgaris

colonized

Spear Thistle

Cirsium vulgare

colonized

Creeping Thistle

Cirsium arvense

colonized

Welted Thistle

Carduus acanthoides

colonized

Black Knapweed

Centaurea nigra

planted

Lesser Burdock

Arctium minus

colonized

Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale

colonized

Goatsbeard

Tragopogon pratensis

colonized

Chicory

Cichorium intybus

planted

Prickly Lettuce

Lactuca serriola

colonized

Common Catsear

Hypochaeris radicata

colonized

Smooth Hawk's-beard

Crepis capillaries

colonized

Bristly Ox-tongue

Picris echioides

colonized

Mouse-eared Hawkweed

Pilosella officinarum

colonized

Perennial Sow-thistle

Sonchus arvensis

colonized

Smooth Sow-thistle

Sonchus oleraceus

Colonized

Prickly Sow-thistle

Sonchus asper

colonized

Common Water Plantain

Alisma plantago-aquatica

planted

Flowering Rush

Butomus umbellatus

planted

Water Soldier

Stratiotes aloides

planted

Yellow Flag Iris

Iris pseudacorus

planted

Cuckoo Pint

Arum maculatum

colonized

Branched Bur-reed

Sparganium erectum

planted

Greater Reedmace

Typha latifolia

colonized

Common Spotted Orchid

Dactylorhiza fuchsii

colonized

Common Duckweed

Lemna minor

colonized

Ivy-leaved Duckweed

Lemna trisulca

colonized

Canadian Pondweed

Elodea canadensis

planted

Broad-leaved Pondweed

Potomageton natans

planted

Curled Pondweed

Potomageton crispus

planted

Fennel Pondweed

Potomageton pectinatus

planted

Water Starwort

Callitriche sp.

planted

Blanketweed sp.

Spirogyra sp

colonized

 

 

 

Annual Meadow Grass

Poa annua

colonized

Rough Meadow Grass

Poa trivialis

colonized

Red Fescue

Festuca rubra

colonized

Hard Fescue

Festuca longifolia

colonized

Timothy

Phleum pratense

colonized

Perennial Rye Grass

Lolium perenne

colonized

Crested Dog's Tail

Cynosurus cristatus

colonized

Barren Brome

Bromus sterilis

colonized

Soft Brome

Bromus hordeaceus

colonized

False Oat Grass

Arrhenatherum elatius

colonized

Sweet Vernal Grass

Anthoxanthum odoratum

colonized

Creeping Bent

Agrostis stolonifera

colonized

Common Bent

Agrostis tenuis

colonized

Marsh Foxtail

Alopecurus geniculatus

planted

Meadow Foxtail

Alopecurus pratensis

colonized

Yorkshire Fog

Holcus lanatus

colonized

Cock's-foot

Dactylis glomerata

colonized

Reed Sweet Grass

Glyceria maxima

planted

Soft Rush

Juncus effuses

planted

Hard Rush

Juncus inflexus

planted

Sharp-flowered Rush

Juncus acutiflorus

planted

Jointed Rush

Juncus articulatus

planted

Toad Rush

Juncus bufonius

colonized

Common Spike-rush

Eleocharis palustris

planted

Hairy Wood Rush

Luzula pilosa

colonized

Greater Pond Sedge

Carex riparia

planted

False Fox Sedge

Carex vulpina

colonized

NB Not all of these are present any more due to successional changes and maturation of the habitats.