Mayford Heritage Pond

Fungi

In autumn the fungal world comes to the fore on Mayford Green.  Species with wonderful names such as Earth Fan, Bay Boletus, Eyelash Fungus, Velvet Shank, and Dead Manís Fingers are just some of these fascinating life forms that emerge from the ground and rotting wood.

Fungi are not plants and are in their own Kingdom of living things.  They do not contain chlorophyll and therefore cannot make their own food, which they have to obtain by various means.  This is usually done by feeding off dead stuff or by parasitizing plants or other fungi.

The fungi that you see are just the fruiting bodies, the equivalent to an apple on a tree.  The body of a fungus, called the mycelium, is usually underground and made up from tiny individual thread-like structures called hyphae.

To encourage a greater variety of fungi several individual logs have been placed around the edge of the area and a larger stack of dead wood has been placed near the bushes at the back.
 

                          Scientific Name English Name              
  Inocybe geophylla    
  Inocybe sp.    
  Armillaria mellea Honey Fungus  
  Flammulina velutipes Velvet Shank  
  Hygrocybe nivea Snowy Wax Cap  
  Auricularia auricula-judae Jew's Ear  
  Boletus chrysenteron Red-cracked Bolete  
  Boletus appendiculatus    
  Coprinus micaceus Glistening Ink Cap  
  Coprinus comatus Shaggy Ink Cap  
  Coprinus lagopus    
  Coprinus atramentarius Common Ink Cap  
  Coprinus plicatilis    
  Xylaria hypoxylon Candlesnuff Fungus  
  Xylaria polymorpha Dead Man's Fingers  
  Lyophyllum decastes    
  Polyporus squamosus Dryad's Saddle  
  Russula fellea Geranium-scented Russula  
  Russula brunneoviolacea    
  Amanita rubescens The Blusher  
  Paxillus involutus Brown Roll Rim  
  Laccaria laccata The Deceiver  
  Pholiota adiposa    
  Collybia fusipes    
  Mycena sp    
  Daedalea quercina Maze Gill  
  Rhodotus palmatus    
  Scutellinia scutellata Eyelash Fungus  
  Aleuria aurantia Orange Peel Fungus  
   Clavulinopsis helvola    
  Thelephora terrestris Earth Fan  
  Scleroderma citrinum Common Earthball